Panning and ManagementEvaluationProjects ManagementHuman DevelopmentWorking with people

Planning and Management Area

 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

2011 - Credit for territorial development: the case of Financiera Rural in Mexico

Authors: Silvia Xochilt Almeraya-Quintero, Benjamín Figueroa-Sandoval, José María Díaz-Puente, Katia Angélica Figueroa-Rodríguez
Title: Credit for territorial development: the case of Financiera Rural in Mexico
Journal: Agricultura, Sociedad y Desarrollo. Colegio de Postgraduados de México. ISSN: 1870-5472
Vol: 8 (2)
Pages: inicial: 179  final:   192
Date: 2011
Place: México
Link: click here

ABSTRACT

Various authors have demonstrated that credit and rural development are linked; in México’s case, there are diverse banking systems that seek to cover the demands for rural and agricultural/livestock credit. The objective of this research was to analyze the distribution of credits that development banks offered through Financiera Rural (FR, Rural Financial) from 2003 to 2010, with the purpose of understanding the degree to
which credits have been destined to the development of rural areas, and using the municipality as the observation unit. A Cluster Analysis was performed, using levels of marginalization, accessibility, rurality, and total financing in the 2454 municipalities in México. With this tool, 14 groups were defined. Results show that: a) 41% of the credits FR has granted have been destined to 122 municipalities, considered as metropolitan
urban; b) 991 municipalities considered as disperse rural, and 987 as semi-urban rural have only received 4% and 23% of the 103 503.20 million pesos exercised by the FR. We conclude that it is necessary to reorient the development banking’s credit distribution toward rural areas.

Keywords: accessibility, development banking, marginality, municipality, rurality.

   
   
   

2011 - VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS OF THE SHEEP SECTOR IN SALINAS, SAN LUIS POTOSÍ, MÉXICO

Authors: Brenda Inoscencia Trejo-Téllez, Ignacio de los Ríos-Carmenado, Benjamín Figueroa-Sandoval, Francisco Javier Morales-Flores
Title: VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS OF THE SHEEP SECTOR IN SALINAS, SAN LUIS POTOSÍ, MÉXICO
Journal: Agricultura, Sociedad y Desarrollo. Colegio de Postgraduados de México. ISSN: 1870-5472
Vol: 8 (2)
Pages: inicial: 259  final:   260
Date: 2011
Place: México
Link: click here

ABSTRACT

The concept of value chain has been used for diagnosis and identification of solutions to problems that a particular activity faces. In this research study we analyze the value chain from the approach of social integration and establishment of links between actors who intervene: producers, retailers, wholesalers, transformers, marketers and local organizations. The methodology used includes: 1) identifying the sector; 2) identifying agents; 3) value chain analysis; 4) agent analysis; and, 5) cooperation strategy. The research was carried out in the municipality of Salinas, San Luis Potosí, México. Field information was obtained through surveys and structured interviews. Data point out that the sheep sector’s value chain in Salinas has a low level of competitiveness. Also, it is disjointed with regards to both horizontal and vertical relations. It is advisable to encourage training and technical assistance in the different areas of species management: feeding, reproduction, product transformation and marketing.

Keywords: sheep, social integration, horizontal relations, vertical relations.

   
   
   
   
   

2009 - Pilot study on the influence of stress caused by the need to combine work and family on occupational accidents in working women

Authors: Susana Martín-Fernández, Ignacio de los Río, Adolfo Cazorla, Eugenio Martínez-Falero
Title: Pilot study on the influence of stress caused by the need to combine work and family on occupational accidents in working women
Journal: Safety Science. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. ISSN: 0925-7535
Vol: 8 (2)
Pages: inicial: 192  final:   198
Date: 2009
Place: Netherlands
Link: click here

ABSTRACT

The influx of a large number of women into the workforce involves the need for these women to combine family and work  responsibilities. Multiple roles lead to work–family conflict. This study analyzes the influence of work–family conflict on the causes of minor occupational accidents suffered by working women. A survey was done on working women in the Madrid region, who had suffered a minor occupational accident in 2004. The main finding was that nearly half of the women with children considered that the stress and fatigue caused by trying to combine work and family played a part in the accident; 21% of the respondents whose accidents took place while traveling to or from work and 11% the respondents who suffered the accident in the workplace said that family reasons played a part. Additionally, 50% of the women suffered after-effects as a result of the accident; children had to change their routine in almost 1 in 4 cases; nearly a quarter of the respondents said their work situation had been temporarily modified. This point to a need for polices that encourage men and employers to contribute more to solve work–family conflicts.

Keywords: Occupational accident, Work, Family, Stress, Women

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

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